During the war, Weiss Manfréd Steel Works, one of the largest conglomerates industrial customers in Hungary and the company that all the ammunition(plus scooters, and in 1920, some two-stroke touring car), developed a small car with the intent to create a Hungarian Volkswagen.
The result was breathtaking:. If production costs Fiat Topolino , full four-seater was designed It was called Penta, after its designer, Janos Pentelényi. Pentelényi was well educated engineer, and the signals from the pre-war German small car, own a car designed by the Hungarian people. Weiss Manfréd Directors approved the project. The main features of the Penta were light, simple design , reliability and low production costs. First Penta was powered two-stroke, two cylinder, engine capable of 15 hp at 3600 rpm, 500 cc. It was placed before the rear axle. Turbo fan built into the flywheel air sucked in from the front, through the tunnel of the chassis. Pentelényi rejected the cooling water to reduce the car in order to simplify the process of cooling.
According to contemporary reports, the car target weight was 400 kg(880 pounds). It rode on two meters(6.5 ‘) wheelbase, had a length of three meters(10’), and a height of 1.3 m(51 ‘). Pentelényi pointed out that his car was cheaper than the Fiat Topolino and easier to produce “The costs of producing two-cylinder, two-stroke engine were 50 percent less than four cylinders Topolino, in units of four-stroke in May 1946, plans to have the approval of the factory. to December, the first Penta 500 has been started. All praised the possibilities of the engine and the car reached a speed of 60 km / h(37 mph) without any difficulties.
Pentelényi decided to build a bigger, 600cc version. It was also successfully tested. Detailed plans have begun to take shape for the production of cars in the larger series. But in 1947, Hungary’s oil reserves run out in 1948 forced the nationalization of all Hungarian companies meant the beginning of communism.
Hungarian government denied permission Weiss Manfréd factory for the production of Penta, and in October 1948, the experiment came to an end. The only Penta 600 is currently on display at Transportation Museum in Budapest .
Text and images from “Digest Blog”