Rothaug Alexander was born in 1870 as the son of Theodor Rothaug and Karoline Rothaug (born bird). The maternal ancestors were also painters and sculptors. With the older brother Leopold Rothaug Alexander received his first painting lessons from his father Theodore.
In 1884 he began an apprenticeship as a sculptor at Johann Schindler (1822-1893), however, changed in 1885 at the Vienna Academy of Arts to assist in August Eisenmenger , Christian Griepenkerl and Franz Rumpler to study painting. Important influence as a teacher was also the Orient painter Leopold Carl Müller , in which Alexander Rothaug studied until his death in 1892.
In 1892 he moved to Munich, where he as an illustrator for the humorous magazine Fliegende Blätter worked. In 1896 he married Ottilie Lauterkorn. He undertook study trips to Dalmatia , Italy and complaints . In May 1910 he became a member of the Association of Visual Artists Vienna. 1911 appears in the magazine Art Review,an extensive article about Alexander Rothaug. In 1912 he holds at the invitation of the Archduke Ludwig Salvator on Mallorca on. Rothaug published on this stay the publication "Sketches from Miramar".
1933 Alexander Rothaug published under the title "statics and dynamics of the human body" in the form of a loose-leaf collection of 10 sheets a systematization of the human body in terms of a theory of proportion . He has also written a 38-page treatise entitled "The knowledge in painting" with the tripartite Appendix "thoughts about the art and the artist."
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