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Erwin Blumenfeld was a renowned photographer whose work is situated between 1930 and 1969. He was born in Berlin on 26 January 1897, moved to Holland late 1918, and started a professional career in photography in 1934. He moved to France in 1936. From 1937 to 1939, he published in Vogue and Harper’s Bazaar. When the Second World War broke out, he was interned in French camps as an alien, but was eventually allowed to leave for New York in 1941. He became a US citizen in 1946. His more personal work is in black and white; his commercial work in fashion, much for Vogue and Harper’s Bazaar, is mostly in color. In both media he was a great innovator. In black and white he did all his work personally in the dark room. In color he drew on his extensive background in classical and modern painting. He married Lena Citroen in Holland in 1921 and had three children there: Lisette, Henry Alexander and Frank Yorick. He died in Rome on July 4th, 1969.

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For details of his life one should read his picaresque autobiography, which he wrote in German and on which he worked from 1955 till 1969. It has been published in German under the title: Einbildungsroman, Eichborn Verlag, 1998. It also has come out in English under the title: Eye to I, Thames and Hudson, 1999. It was first published in French under the title: Jadis et Daguerre, Robert Laffont, 1975, with a re-edition by Editions de la Martinière, 1996. It also has come out in Dutch: Spiegelbeeld, Uitgeverij de Harmonie, 1980. There were several earlier German editions under the title: Durch tausendjährige Zeit.

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Text from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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sun bathers 23Photographers Bertram Park and Yvonne Gregory married in 1916. They opened a studio with Marcus Adams on at 43 Dover Street, London. Bertram Park and Yvonne Gregory’s style was similar to John Everard’s but a little more refined. They did some outdoor work which I have not seen yet and hope to get onto this page.

 Bertram Park was a highly regarded establishment photographer whose body of work encompassed both society portraits, still life, and figure studies. He exhibited as part of the European avant-garde movement in the first international salon of the photographic which took place in Paris in 1933 in the company of Man Ray, Drtikol, Albin-Guillot, Yva, Moholy-Nagy, and others, in all photographers from 17 countries. A catalogue of that exhibition entitled ‘Nus: La Beaute de La Femme’ was subsequently published by Daniel Masclet is rare and is regularly listed as one of the landmark books of photography. In 1935 Bertam Park and Yvonne Gregory published ‘The Beauty Of The Female Form’ containing 48 photoengraved plates of romantic s in a pictorialist style and spectacular settings using powerful contrasts of light. The best compositions however are those taken in the open air, on beaches or in meadows with models posing in a completely natural way. ‘The Beauty of Female Form’ is becoming more difficult to obtain since its inclusion in Alessandro Bertolotti‘s ‘Books On Nudes’.

Sun Bathers” was published as a companion volume to “The Beauty of Female Form” by George Routledge & Son Ltd. at Broadway House in Carter Lane in London in 1941

  Images from Sun Bathers:
Sun-Bathers-gallery

Sources: *Private Peeks Member, National Portrait Gallery, Amazon, Abe Books
– Article found on
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the english maid 01Roye, who claimed to have seen more than 10,000 naked women through the lens, always helped the police when they were investigating obscene pictures, but he was himself prosecuted when he refused to airbrush out pubic hair — the convention of the time — from the image of a model called Desirée in his Unique Edition collection. He successfully defended himself in court, arguing that the representation of beauty should be untrammelled by prudery.

The English Maid:
The-English-Maid-gallery

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the welsh maid 09Before the war Roye had become the first photographer to have a nude published in a national newspaper, the Daily Mirror, and afterwards he was quickly back into his stride, selling more than two million nude portraits worldwide by mail order. The Rank Organisation commissioned him to picture its “starlets”, and he worked on a new technique, the Roye-Vala 3-D stereoscopic process, which resulted in the booklet Diana Dors in 3-D.

The Welsh Maid:
The-Welsh-Maid-gallery

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the irish maid 27

Second out of Horace Roye’s studies of British maids is “The Irish Maid”. As a noted photographer of nudes, he successfully contested the obscenity laws of his day.

The Irish Maid:
The-Irish-Maid-gallery

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The Scottish Maid 01Horace Roye (born Horace Roye-Narberth, 4 March 1906 – 11 June 2002) was one of the 20th century’s pioneering British  photographers. Flamboyant, famous for his nudes and pictures of starlets – and for water-skiing into old age and whose familiarity with cinema and stage stars during the war years led to international fame — and some notoriety. Beginning with Perfect Womanhood in 1938, Roye produced a succession of studies of the female nude. The English Maid was next, followed by Welsh, Scottish, and Irish maids, all of whom proved extremely popular, especially during the war.


The other maids will follow together with other Horace Roye publications in the weeks to come – Ted
  The Scottish Maid:
The-Scotish-Maid-gallery

 

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 London Times, obituary, June 18, 2002
Horace Roye: Flamboyant photographer famous for his nudes and pictures of starlets – and for water-skiing into old age Horace Roye was one of the 20th century’s great pioneering photographers, whose familiarity with cinema and stage stars during the war years led to international fame — and some notoriety. As a noted photographer of nudes, he successfully contested the prudish obscenity laws of his day, paving the way for others to publish work that Roye himself considered to be pornographic.
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His personal life was as unconventional as his professional milieu. He lived in South Africa, Paris, London, Ireland and Portugal before finally settling in the 12th-century kasbah of Rabat, Morocco.

He was born Horace Roye-Narbeth in Aylesbury in 1906, the son of a draper. On leaving Aylesbury Grammar School he wanted to become a solicitor, but his father, hoping that he would join the family business, insisted that he accepted a trainee’s job in Marshall & Snelgrove’s drapery department. He was dismissed, however, for going to work in his evening suit after a drunken night on the tiles, and his life’s odyssey began as he boarded a boat for South Africa.

After effectively being expelled from South Africa for diamond smuggling — although he proudly pointed out that the police found no stones because he had cut the lining in his jacket, allowing them to fall out before he was searched — the draper, pugilist, dancing instructor and sheep-shearer returned to London, where he worked in the silent movie industry and developed his love of photography.

11187_hr11Returning to London in 1935, he established a photographic studio in Chelsea, where he took conventional portraits of the likes of Cecil Beaton, James Mason, Arturo Toscanini and Sir Henry Wood. But he was back at his best in 1938, when George Routledge commissioned Perfect Womanhood, a collection of nudes.

Roye’s startling depiction of a nude model wearing a gas mask while pinned to a crucifix caused controversy during the Munich crisis of 1938; during the war, however, Roye’s imagination was used to full effect by the Ministry of Information, with whom he helped to compose a propaganda photograph of a Nazi officer caught in flagrante with two call girls. He also worked closely with Christopher Clayton Hutton in MI9, the department devoted to prisoner-of-war escape tactics.

Before the war Roye had become the first photographer to have a nude published in a national newspaper, the Daily Mirror, and afterwards he was quickly back into his stride, selling more than two million nude portraits worldwide by mail order. The Rank Organisation commissioned him to picture its “starlets”, and he worked on a new technique, the Roye-Vala 3-D stereoscopic process, which resulted in the booklet Diana Dors in 3-D.

11187_hr12Roye, who claimed to have seen more than 10,000 naked women through the lens, always helped the police when they were investigating obscene pictures, but he was himself prosecuted when he refused to airbrush out pubic hair — the convention of the time — from the image of a model called Desirée in his Unique Edition collection. He successfully defended himself in court, arguing that the representation of beauty should be untrammelled by prudery.

He lived briefly in Ireland to escape the furore, but claimed that he was forced out by the Roman Catholic priesthood, which objected to him introducing his maids to some of the racier magazines of the decade. After writing Nude Ego, his autobiography, Roye retired to Portugal in 1959 and, in the early 1960s, after sailing extensively along the Algarve coast, he bought a plot of land, Praia da Luz, where he built a series of luxury villas, which he later sold to friends, including Alan Ball, of Lonrho, and Lord Devlin. As the Algarve’s popularity grew, he moved north to the Alentejo, south of Lisbon, where he lived quietly until the revolution in 1974.

Known for his right-wing views and support for the dictatorship, Roye found himself under siege, and had to take his shotgun out on the causeway leading to his house. He was forced to sell up, and moved back briefly to England.

He had bought a holiday home in the kasbah at Rabat, and he and his wife decided to settle there in 1980. He had taken up water-skiing at the age of 60, and enjoyed a tow along the River Bouregreg each morning with the help of the local yacht club’s speedboat. The oldest British expatriate living in Morocco, Roye was murdered there in 2002. He is said to have been involved in a struggle with a painter who allegedly broke into his bedroom and stabbed him 14 times with the knife that Roye kept beneath his pillow.

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